embacongo@gob.gq

May 25, 2021

Congo-Brazaville

The Republic of the Congo is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered to the north by Cameroon and the Central African Republic, to the south and east by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the west by Gabon and to the southwest by the Atlantic Ocean and an Angolan exclave Cabinda. The population does not exceed five million inhabitants, resulting in a low population density. The official languages ​​are French, Kikongo and Lingala; tribal religions are the ones with the most adherents. The economy of the Republic of the Congo continues to be based on agriculture and oil extraction. The current Congolese territory was inhabited by the Bantu tribes until the arrival of the Europeans in the 16th century. It became a colony of France, under the name “French Congo.” After obtaining its independence in the middle of the 20th century, the country went through various political regimes until it reached the multiparty democracy that governs the country in the 21st century. While it was a colony of France, it was part of French Equatorial Africa under the name of the French Congo. It was proclaimed independent on August 15, 1960, its first president being Fulbert Youlou, who was forced to leave the government in 1963, when Alphonse Massamba-Délba took office, who in 1964 founded a Marxist party adopting a planned economy, of socialist base. After decades of turbulent politics and Marxist-Leninist rhetoric, and following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Congo completed a transition to a multi-party democracy with elections in August 1992. However, a civil war occurred between June 1997 and December In 1999 it was fought between the forces of the two presidential candidates, Denis Sassou Nguesso and Pascal Lissouba. The war ended with the invasion of troops from neighboring countries and the installation of Nguesso in power, who continues in office to this day.

Embassy of the Republic of Ecuatorial Guinea in Congo Brazzaville