Almost the entire population, with the exception of the Pygmies, belongs to the Bantu people. To this denomination belong more than seventy million individuals that extend throughout Central, Eastern and Southern Africa. Despite the great ethnic and cultural variety that shares its territory, and unlike what unfortunately happens in other African countries, in Equatorial Guinea today, different cultures coexist with each other in full peace, without ethnic problems or confrontations.
They form the largest ethnic group. Traditionally, their coexistence is structured in relatively autonomous families, clans and tribes. The offspring are transmitted by males, hence the importance of the father, the uncle and the first-born. Its wooden sculptures, masks and ritual fang statues are appreciated all over the world.
They are found on the island of Bioko and are Bantu belonging to the so-called “yam civilization”. Their society was structured in the form of a kingdom that lasted until the end of the colonial period. Their original religion was of the monotheistic type and the music, dance and their traditional song were inspired by the religious ceremonies that are still deeply rooted.
In Equatorial Guinea they are called Beyeles and Bokuigns. They live in small groups and hunt and gather wild roots and berries.
It is a minority people, made up of numerous ethnic groups: the Kombe, the Bujeba, the Bapuku, the Balenke, the Enviko and the Benga. Its social organization is hierarchical in families, towns, lineages and clans.
Originally from Cameroon, they are few in number and migrated in the 19th century to the nearby coastal regions of the continental region, via the Ntem River. Fernandinos and Creoles. Bourgeoisie of landowners and merchants, who lived for a long time in the capital and were mestizo descendants of workers who settled over centuries on the plantations on the island of Bioko.
They are found on the island of Annobón and are a mixture of Portuguese, Spanish and African descendant slaves. Traditionally they have been fishermen, since agriculture is scarce on the island as it is a volcanic land. They use canoes known as cayucos, made of ceiba wood. Most are fluent in the Fá d’Ambô dialect which is a Portuguese Creole mixed with Spanish.
Spanish is the official administrative and teaching language. French is the second official language and almost all ethnic groups speak the so-called Bantu languages.