Republic of Rwanda is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley, where the African region of the Great Lakes and East Africa. One of the smallest countries of the African continent, its capital is Kigali. Located about few degrees south of the equator, Rwanda borders Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
It is very high, which gives it the nickname of “land of thousand hills “, with its geography dominated by mountains to the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The weather is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons every year. Rwanda has a population of over 12.6 million who live in 26,338 km 2 of land, and it is the country most densely populated continental African.
The population is young, the Rwandans come from a single group cultural and linguistic. However, within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa. Christianity is the largest religion in the country; the main language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans, with the English and French as additional official languages. The sovereign state of Rwanda has a system of government presidential. The president is Paul Kagame of the Front Rwandan patriotic, who has worked uninterruptedly since 2000. The country is governed by a strict hierarchy administrative since pre-colonial times; there are five provinces delimited by borders drawn in 2006. Rwanda is one of the only three countries in the world with a female majority in the national parliament.
Rwanda’s developing economy suffered greatly from the genocide of 1994, but since then its The economy is mainly based on the agriculture of subsistence. Coffee and tea are the main crops export trade. Tourism is a sector of fast growth and is now the main generator of foreign exchange in the country. Rwanda is one of only two countries in which mountain gorillas can be safely visited and the Visitors pay high prices for site tracking permits. gorillas.
Music and dance are an integral part of the Rwandan culture, particularly drums and dance intore highly choreographed. Traditional arts and crafts are produced throughout the country, including imigongo, an art unique from cow dung. Rwanda has been ruled with a unitary presidential system with a bicameral parliament governed by the Patriotic Front of Rwanda since 1994. The country is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, COMESA, OIF and the East African Community.